UK arms are sold to countries in conflict around the world, and are often used in these conflicts.

Last updated 14 July 2021

Fuelling war and armed violence

Arms are made, bought and sold for fighting and killing, or preparing and threatening to fight and kill. Conflicts cannot be fought without a continual supply of arms, whether sourced within a country, or abroad.

Selling arms to countries in conflict makes conflict more deadly and long lasting. Prior to any actual conflict, arms purchases are likely to increase tensions between or within countries, making actual conflict more likely.

While this may seem obvious, and is backed up by extensive research, it makes no difference to governments such as our own, which continue to promote and sell weapons and fuel violence.

Destroyed ambulance in the foreground amongst rubble. The buildings in the background have shrapnel or bullet holes in them.

A destroyed ambulance in Shuja’iyyah, Gaza Strip, 2014. Photo by Boris Niehaus, CC BY 4.0

UK arms in conflict zones

It is often difficult to establish where arms used in conflict were produced. However, in several recent cases, UK arms’ use in conflict has been confirmed, or the UK has sold the types of arms to conflict perpetrators that they have been found to have used.

  • UK arms have been extensively used in the bombing of Yemen by Saudi Arabia and its coalition allies.
  • The UK government admitted that Israeli equipment used in Gaza in the 2008-9 conflict “almost certainly” contained UK-supplied components. The UK has continued to supply similar equipment to Israel since, so it is entirely likely that these were also used in the Israeli wars on Gaza in 2012 and 2014.
  • The F-16 combat aircraft used by Turkey to bomb the Kurdish-controlled town of Afrin in Syria in 2018 included laser targetting systems made in the UK.
  • The UK sold arms to Libya, both to the Gaddafi regime in the run-up to the 2011 civil war, and very soon after the war, before the outbreak of renewed armed conflict in 2013. Arms sold before 2011 included armoured vehicles, machine guns, small arms ammunition, tear gas and crowd-control ammunition.
  • UK arms sales to Egypt in recent years include machine guns and components for combat vehicles, which could easily be used against protesters.
  • The UK provides a continual stream of arms to both India and Pakistan, which have fought three wars with each other since independence from the UK and remain in a state of low-level conflict. Both countries are also engaged in severe internal conflicts. India in particular is one of the UK’s biggest arms customers.

Read more

Human rights abuses

The UK arms repressive regimes around the world, contributing to human rights abuses and harming democratic progress

Publication listing image placeholder


The arms trade is one of the most corrupt businesses in the world. One researcher estimated that 40% of all corruption cases in international trade are linked to arms deals - even though the arms trade only accounts for about half a percent of global trade.

Publication listing image placeholder

Armed drones, Killer robots and AI

Military technology is evolving all the time, with increasing use of armed drones as well as the development of "killer robots" and AI (artificial intelligence).

CAAT would not exist without its supporters. Each new supporter helps us strengthen our call for an end to the international arms trade.

Keep in touch